Emigration

   Despite the fact that since 1948 Israel had successfully absorbed more than 2 million immigrants (see ALIYA), there was also the phenomenon of emigration from the country. Essentially, persons leaving the country for long-term absences and de facto emigration belonged to one of three distinct groups: former immigrants returning to their country of origin; former immigrants emigrating to a third country; or emigrants who were born and raised in Israel. Historically, the number of emigrants was always only a small proportion of the overall population and was outweighed by the number of immigrants to the country. Nevertheless, relatively large expatriate communities (totaling some 600,000 by 2004) arose in the United States (350,000), Canada (40,000), France (40,000), Great Britain (30,000), South Africa (20,000), Germany (8,000), and Australia (5,000).
   Inasmuch as it was inconsistent with the core principles of Zionism, emigration from Israel was always treated derisively (indeed, the term used to describe the act of leaving the country, yerida, translates literally as "going down" or "descending," as in "going down from Zion"). Nevertheless, over the years, efforts have been made to entice Israelis residing abroad to return home. Not surprisingly, a positive correlation was discerned between the number of returnees and the strength of the Israeli economy and the prospects for peace and stability with Israel's neighbors. More than half (52.0 percent) of Israelis leaving the country in 2004 went to either the United States (43.5 percent) or Canada (8.5 percent). Of the 27 percent who moved to Europe, the United Kingdom was the most popular country (7 percent), followed by Switzerland (5 percent) and Italy (4 percent).

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Synonyms:

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  • ÉMIGRATION — (1789 1814) Mesure de sûreté pour quelques personnages voués à la vindicte populaire après les troubles de juillet 1789 qu’ils ont vainement tenté de réprimer, l’émigration apparaît vite comme une révolte contre la Révolution. Le comte d’Artois,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • emigration — index egress, outflow Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 emigration …   Law dictionary

  • emigration — em‧i‧gra‧tion [ˌemɪˈgreɪʆn] noun [uncountable] the process of leaving your own country and going to live in another one compare immigration ˌnet emiˈgration the amount by which the number of emigrant S is greater than the number of immigrant …   Financial and business terms

  • Emigration — Em i*gra tion, n. [L. emigratio: cf. F. [ e]migration.] 1. The act of emigrating; removal from one country or state to another, for the purpose of residence, as from Europe to America, or, in America, from the Atlantic States to the Western.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • émigration — ÉMIGRATION. subst. f. Action de sortir de son pays pour aller s établir ailleurs. Il se dit aussi De l effet de cette action …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • emigration — 1640s, from L.L. emigrationem (nom. emigratio) removal from a place, noun of action from pp. stem of L. emigrare move away, depart from a place, from ex out (see EX (Cf. ex )) + migrare to move (see MIGRATION (Cf. migration)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • emigration — immigration (see under EMIGRANT) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Emigration — [Network (Rating 5600 9600)] Auch: • Auswanderung …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • emigration — [em΄i grā′shən] n. [LL emigratio] 1. the act of emigrating 2. emigrants collectively …   English World dictionary

  • Emigration — Deutsche Emigranten gehen an Bord eines in die USA fahrenden Dampfers (um 1850) Ös …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emigration — Abwanderung; Exodus; Auswanderung * * * Emi|gra|ti|on [emigra ts̮i̯o:n], die; , en: 1. Auswanderung (besonders aus politischen, wirtschaftlichen od. religiösen Gründen): die Familie entschied sich zur Emigration. 2. fremdes Land als… …   Universal-Lexikon

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